# Miscellaneous cartopy utilities¶

This module contains utilities that are useful in conjunction with cartopy.

`cartopy.util.``add_cyclic_point`(data, coord=None, axis=- 1)[source]

Add a cyclic point to an array and optionally a corresponding coordinate.

Parameters
• data – An n-dimensional array of data to add a cyclic point to.

• coord (optional) – A 1-dimensional array which specifies the coordinate values for the dimension the cyclic point is to be added to. The coordinate values must be regularly spaced. Defaults to None.

• axis (optional) – Specifies the axis of the data array to add the cyclic point to. Defaults to the right-most axis.

Returns

• cyclic_data – The data array with a cyclic point added.

• cyclic_coord – The coordinate with a cyclic point, only returned if the coord keyword was supplied.

Examples

Adding a cyclic point to a data array, where the cyclic dimension is the right-most dimension

```>>> import numpy as np
>>> data = np.ones([5, 6]) * np.arange(6)
>>> cyclic_data = add_cyclic_point(data)
>>> print(cyclic_data)
[[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]
[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]
[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]
[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]
[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]]
```

Adding a cyclic point to a data array and an associated coordinate

```>>> lons = np.arange(0, 360, 60)
>>> cyclic_data, cyclic_lons = add_cyclic_point(data, coord=lons)
>>> print(cyclic_data)
[[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]
[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]
[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]
[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]
[ 0. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 0.]]
>>> print(cyclic_lons)
[  0  60 120 180 240 300 360]
```