Displaying data on an eccentric ellipseΒΆ

This example demonstrates plotting data on an eccentric ellipse. The data plotted is a topography map of the asteroid Vesta. The map is actually an image, which is defined on an equirectangluar projection relative to an ellipse with a semi-major axis of 285 km and a semi-minor axis of 229 km. The image is reprojected on-the-fly onto a geostationary projection with matching eccentricity.

eccentric ellipse
from io import BytesIO
from urllib.request import urlopen

import cartopy.crs as ccrs
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from PIL import Image

def vesta_image():
    Return an image of Vesta's topography.

    Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDA/PSI

    img : numpy array
        The pixels of the image in a numpy array.
    img_proj : cartopy CRS
        The rectangular coordinate system of the image.
    img_extent : tuple of floats
        The extent of the image ``(x0, y0, x1, y1)`` referenced in
        the ``img_proj`` coordinate system.

    url = 'https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/pia17037.jpg'
    img_handle = BytesIO(urlopen(url).read())
    raw_image = Image.open(img_handle)
    # The image is extremely high-resolution, which takes a long time to
    # plot. Sub-sampling reduces the time taken to plot while not
    # significantly altering the integrity of the result.
    smaller_image = raw_image.resize([raw_image.size[0] // 10,
                                      raw_image.size[1] // 10])
    img = np.asarray(smaller_image)
    # We define the semimajor and semiminor axes, but must also tell the
    # globe not to use the WGS84 ellipse, which is its default behaviour.
    img_globe = ccrs.Globe(semimajor_axis=285000., semiminor_axis=229000.,
    img_proj = ccrs.PlateCarree(globe=img_globe)
    img_extent = (-895353.906273091, 895353.906273091,
                  447676.9531365455, -447676.9531365455)
    return img, img_globe, img_proj, img_extent

def main():
    img, globe, crs, extent = vesta_image()
    projection = ccrs.Geostationary(globe=globe)

    fig = plt.figure()
    ax = fig.add_subplot(1, 1, 1, projection=projection)
    ax.imshow(img, transform=crs, extent=extent)
    fig.text(.075, .012, "Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDA/PSI",
             bbox={'facecolor': 'w', 'edgecolor': 'k'})

if __name__ == '__main__':

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 3.162 seconds)

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